The Old Kingdom collapsed when the economy suffered and a drought struck, and the First Intermediate Period (2181-1991 BC) occurred. Local rulers, free from the pharaoh's rule, innovated and competed with each other. Which pharaoh reunited Egypt at the end of this period, and was the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom?

Answer Mentuhotep II

Mentuhotep II reunited Egypt in 1991 BC and became a pharaoh in the eleventh dynasty to rule Egypt.

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