The fall of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold War. Who became the first president of Russia in 1991 following the end of the war?

Answer Boris Yeltsin

11 former Soviet countries declared independence shortly before the fall of the Soviet Union and the resignation of Gorbachev. Gorbachev had good intentions with his policies of glasnost (political openness) and perestroika (economic restructuring). Perestroika was meant to help the Russian economy, but the transition from command economy to market wasn't smooth. Instead, the policy led to food shortages and angry constituents who were tired of the communist government.

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