Nationalism and an economic crisis led to the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s. Genocide occurred during this struggle for power where specific racial and religious groups were targeted and killed. What is that action called?

Answer Ethnic cleansing

Former Yugoslavia became engulfed in war and ethnic cleansing following changes after the end of the Cold War, as well as a power vacuum that occurred between the ethnic groups in the area when dictator Josip Broz Tito passed away in the 1980s. Milosevic took control of the area and argued for an ethnically pure Serbian country. Talk of independence spread throughout the neighboring regions as a result of Milosevic's vision. Those areas included Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Vojvodina. Bosnia-Herzegovina became the site of the deadliest ethnic-cleansing in the area. For years, horrible acts were committed in this area with thousands of people killed, tortured, raped, put in concentration, or refugee camps. It is estimated that 4 million people became refugees as a result of this crisis.

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